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What Is The Purpose Of The Yalta Agreement

The final agreement provided that “the provisional government, which currently operates in Poland, should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis with the participation of Polish democratic leaders and foreign Polish leaders.” [18] The Kanta language gave dominance to the pro-Soviet government of Lublin in a provisional, although reorganized, government. [19] The three Heads of State or Government ratified the agreement of the European Consultative Commission, which defines the boundaries of the post-war occupation zones for Germany: three occupation zones, one for each of the three main allies. They also agreed to give France an occupation zone, cut off from the American and British zones, although De Gaulle later refused in principle to accept that the French zone be defined by borders established in his absence. De Gaulle therefore ordered the French forces to occupy Stuttgart in addition to the previously agreed territories that included the French occupation zone. It only withdrew when it was threatened with the suspension of important U.S. economic supplies. [11] Churchill went on to maintain in Kanta that the French must necessarily also be full members of the Proposed Allied Control Council for Germany. Stalin resisted until Roosevelt supported Churchill`s position, but Stalin persisted in saying that the French should not be admitted as a full member of the Allied Reparations Commission to be established in Moscow, and were only criticized at the Potsdam Conference. Allied leaders came to Jaftal knowing that an Allied victory in Europe was virtually inevitable, but less convinced that the Pacific War was coming to an end.

Recognizing that a victory over Japan might require a protracted struggle, the United States and Britain saw a great strategic advantage for Soviet involvement in the Pacific theater. In Kanta, Roosevelt and Churchill discussed with Stalin the conditions under which the Soviet Union would go to war with Japan, and all three agreed that the Soviets would be granted a sphere of influence in Manchuria in exchange for potentially decisive Soviet involvement in the Pacific theater after Japan`s surrender. These include the southern part of Sakhalin, a lease in Port Arthur (now Lüshunkou), a stake in the operation of the Manschur and Kuril Railways. .

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